- What is Dincharya?
- Ayurvedic daily routine
- Dincharya importance
Do you ever feel like there just aren’t enough hours in the day? Running from one place to the next, multitasking, and cramming for deadlines can all take a toll on your mental and physical well-being. If this sounds familiar, never fear – Ayurveda is here!
Ayurveda, the ancient science of life, has advocated the practice of healthy living and longevity of life. The ultimate aim of Ayurveda is to preserve health and enable the individual to lead a productive life.
Here we will explore some simple but powerful Dincharya practices that can help restore balance while increasing health and vitality. Read on to learn how Ayurvedic philosophy can help guide a daily practice towards achieving wellness goals.
What is Dincharya in Ayurveda?
Keeping the prime motto of prevention of disease and maintenance of health, Ayurveda explains various regimens like Dinacharya (daily regimens), Ritucharya (seasonal regimens) and Sadvritta (code of conduct) as the principles for maintenance of health.
Dincharya in Ayurveda is a practice that involves adhering to a strict daily routine. It emphasizes bringing balance and synchronization into our lives through small lifestyle adjustments.
A treatise called Bhavaprakasha, in the context of Dincharya, explains that one who practices all the regimes will lead a happy, disease-free healthy life.
मानवो येन विधिना स्वस्थस्तिष्ठति सर्वदा |
तमेवा कारयेत् वैद्यो यतः स्वास्थ्यम् तदेप्सितम् ||
दिनचर्यां निशाचर्यां ऋतुचर्यां यथोदिताम् |
आचरन् पुरुषः स्वस्थःसदा तिष्ठति नान्यता ||
~ भा .प्र. पू. ख. १२-१३
The verse mentioned above explains that a person who follows all the regimens explained in Ayurveda will not have any health issues, and can lead a productive healthy life.
Dine dine charya dinacharya |
~ Ashtanga Hridaya Sutra sthana 2/1
The word Dinacharya contains 2 words – Dina means day and Charya means regimens or a prescribed course of living.
It means the activities performed on day to day basis regularly, combinedly termed as Dincharya in Ayurveda.
So it can be said that the term Dincharya explains the regimens to be followed by an individual right from waking from bed early in the morning till going to bed at the night.
The regimens explained in the context of Dincharya can be classified as
- Prataha charya– day regimens
- Saayam charya– evening regimes
- Ratri charya – night regimes
Dincharya – daily routine practices
Following are some of the daily routine practices explained under the context of Dincharya
- Braahma muhurta uttistet – waking up in brahma muhurtha
- Danta dhavana – cleansing of teeth
- Jihwa nirlekhana – tongue scraping
- Kavala-gandusha – swishing of mouth
- Nasya – nasal instillation
- Dhoomapana – Inhalation of medicated smoke
- Anjana – application of collyrium
- Abhyanga – oil massage
- Udwartana – powder massage
- Vyayama – exercise
- Snana – bath
1. Braahma muhurta uttistet – waking up in brahma muhurtha
A famous quote explains, ‘Early to bed early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise’. In the same way, Ayurveda also explains the importance of waking up early in the morning before sunrise. Braahma muhurta uttistet means waking up during Brahma muhurta.
The term Brahma means knowledge,and Muhurtha refers to approximately 45 minutes duration.
Brahma muhurta is a sacred clip of nectar. It is half prahara (1 prahara= 3 hours) before sunrise, i.e. approximately 1hr 36 minutes before sunrise.
Also read: Benefits of waking up in Brahma muhurta
2. Dantadhavana – cleansing of teeth
Danta –teeth, dhavana– cleansing
Sushruta Samhita and Astanga Hrudaya explain various twigs for the cleansing of teeth. It includes herbs like Khadira, Nimba, Yastimadhu, Nyagrodha, Karanja etc.
Method of brushing – 12 finger width of any healthy above-said twig has to be taken. It has to be chewed in order to make it like a brush. Then the tooth is brushed with it.
Based on the taste of the herbs, Sushruta Samhita explains following herbs are best for cleansing the teeth.
- Madhuka- madhura rasa (sweet taste)
- Nimba – tikta rasa (bitter taste)
- Karanja – katu rasa (pungent taste)
- Khadira – kashaya rasa (astringent taste)
- It helps in the removal of coating from the oral cavity
- It cleanses the teeth by removing the debris and plaques
Sushruta Samhita quotes Powder of herbs of Shunti, Pippali, Maricha, Twak, Ela, Patra, Saindhava Lavana, Tejohva should be mixed with honey and used as a paste on the twig. This works as toothpaste. All the herbs explained in this context are helpful in the mitigation of Kapha in the oral cavity.The use of this powder as toothpaste will remove the bad odour from the oral cavity and enhance taste perception.
Neem twig for Brushing Teeth
Miswak traditional toothbrush
3. Jihwa nirlekhana – tongue scraping
After cleansing the teeth, Ayurveda advocates scraping the tongue with a metal scraper.
- It helps in the removal of coating on the tongue.
- It improves taste perception.
4. Kavala-gandusha – Oil pulling
Kavala is a procedure of movement or swishing of any medicated liquid easily in the oral cavity for a certain duration and spitting it out.
Gandusha is a procedure of holding the medicated liquid in the oral cavity for a certain duration and spitting it out.
The liquids used in this procedure may be oils like sesame oil, coconut oil, various decoctions of the herbs like Triphala, kashaya, khadiradi kashaya, dashamoola kashaya, milk, honey, etc.
- It helps in the removal of debris from the oral cavity.
- It strengthens the gums, teeth
- It improves the voice
- It reduces bleeding gums, hypersensitivity of tooth, mouth ulcers, etc oral disorders
- It is beneficial in maintaining oral hygiene
- It removes bad odour from mouth
- It improves taste perception
- It helps in maintaining the balance of all the dosha
Daily Swish, mint oil pulling
Sesame oil for skin, hair & oil pulling
5. Nasya – nasal instillation
Nasal instillation of medicated liquid into the nasal route is called Nasya.
Daily instillation of 2 drops of medicated liquid into the nose is called pratimarsha nasya. The liquids used in this procedure may fresh pure cow ghee, or some medicated liquid-like anu taila, ksheerabala taila.
- It cleanses the nasal pathway, gives a soothing effect and clears the sinuses.
- It helps in the prevention of sinusitis, migraine and various headaches.
- It improves blood circulation to the face, head and neck region.
- It clears the mucous blockage.
6. Dhoomapana – medicated smoke inhalation
It is a procedure that involves the inhalation of herbal smoke. It is done after the nasya karma. It is beneficial in the prevention and treatment of diseases of the head and neck region caused due to the vitiation of Kapha dosha.
- It mitigates kapha dosha
- It removes mucous blockage at nasal passage
Care should be taken before this procedure as this procedure increases pitta dosha within the body. If not done properly it may lead to bleeding disorder, blindness, fainting, delusion and deafness.
7. Anjana – collyrium
The application of medicated collyrium on the eye is called anjana karma. It can be prepared with various herbs like Daruharidra, Haridra, Triphala etc. various types of Anjana include rasanjana, souveeranjana.
- It improves vision
- It improves the beauty of the eye
- It is helpful in the prevention and treatment of eye disorders
8. Abhyanga – oil massage
The application of medicated oil on the whole body away from heart in the direction of body hair is called abhyanga. Slight pressure is applied on the body in the form of massage, which helps in lubrication and absorption of active principles from the oil.
Astanga Hrudaya opines that abhyanga should be done daily on at least the head, ears and legs if not possible to do on the whole body.
- It mitigates Vata
- It soothes the skin, improves the lustre
- It delays ageing process.
- It improves vision.
- It prevents the onset of diseases like arthritis, dryness of skin, foot cracks etc
- It improves stability of body.
- Application of oil on head daily prevents early greying of hair, hair fall, balding and improves vision and imparts sound sleep.
- It relieves pain.
- It reduces tiredness.
9. Udwartana – powder massage
It is a procedure where medicated herbs in powder form are rubbed all over the body in a specialized technique (massage in upward direction, opposite direction of the body hairs) and for a specified time.
Benefits: Various Ayurveda classical literature opinion on the benefits of udwartana is explained below.
- Sushrutha samhitha explains the benefits of udwartana as it mitigates vata dosha, kaphamedovilapanam (liquefies and mobilizes stagnant kapha and adipose tissue), anga sthirikaranam (provides stability to body parts), twak prasadakaram (rejuvenates the skin).
- Astanga Hrudaya adds the benefits of udwartana as mitigates kapha
- Yogaratnakara : It states that udwartana is kaphahara (reduces kapha), medogna (reduces meda dhatu), shukrada(aphrodisiac), balya (improves the strength), shonitakrut (improves blood circulation), twak prasadakam(rejuvenates skin)
10. Vyayama – exercise
Astanga hrudaya explains physical activity in the form of exercise which bestows physical exertion as vyayama. It increases pitta and Vata dosha. It decreases Kapha. Hence it is contraindicated in conditions wherever pitta and Vata are vitiated.
It has to be performed until half of the strength is exhausted, which can be identified by the commencement of sweating in the forehead and armpit, and a change in breathing pattern.
- It reduces the deposition of fat in the body; hence it is indicated in obesity.
- It improves the blood circulation
- It imparts lightness to the body.
- It increases body strength and makes the body firm and strong.
- It removes laziness and increases work efficiency.
- During the person feels hungry and thirsty
- A person with vata constituency
- Old age, children, persons suffering from fever, breathing disorder, haemorrhagic disorder, and psychological disturbances like grief, sorrow and fear.
11. Snana –bath
Ayurveda explains cleansing the body by bathing as snana. It gives prime importance to personal hygiene through physical cleanliness.
Astanga Hrudaya opines that bathing over head and neck region should be done with normal temperature water and the other parts below the neck should be done with warm water. Vice versa of this will lead to various disorders i.e. bathing with hot over head and neck and use of cold water on body below neck region will result in various diseases.
Ayurveda explains various powders for cleansing the body during bath like triphala churna, haridra churna, manjista churna, aristaka etc.
- It removes bad odour from the body
- It cleanses the body; hence feeling of freshness is attained.
- Bathing with warm water on the extremities will improve blood circulation and reduce Vata dosha.
When to do snana?
Ayurveda opines snana should be done after abhyanga, udwartana and vyayama and before food intake.
Activities to be followed during nighttime are explained as Ratricharya.
Ayurveda explains to take light, easily digestible, favourable food during night time. The ideal time for food intake at night time is within 2 hours after sunset. After the food intake, it is explained to walk gently for 100 steps. After 2 hours of food intake sleep is indicated so that the food consumed will be digested and the stomach will be light. Sleep is advised in a comfortable wide smooth bed on a cot that is knee-high height. The person should sleep placing the head in the east direction.
Importance of Dincharya in Ayurveda
Dincharya helps to maintain a healthy lifestyle while keeping balance with life’s ebb and flow. Creating a formal practice of ayurvedic routine can be extremely beneficial to our physical, mental and spiritual health.
Following dincharya keeps your life in harmony with the natural rhythms through activities such as early rising, cleansing rituals, exercise, consumption of medicinal herbs and healthy food throughout the day.
Below are some benefits of following Dincharya:
- The balance of the dosha in the body is maintained.
- Practise of Dinacharya helps in the prevention of onset of diseases
- It promotes good health through its individual practice’s benefits.
- It improves the longevity of an individual.
Download Ayurveda body type PDF
Know the characteristics of Vata, Pitta and Kapha body types.Get PDF now.
The health of an individual can be attained by the perfect balance of mind and body.
Practise of Dinacharya helps in the maintenance of health by imparting balance in body and mind. The various methods mentioned in Ayurveda help an individual to lead a healthy and long life.
The present hectic lifestyle, intake of incompatible foods, irregular food timings, lack of proper sleep and self-care has led the human population to stress, lifestyle disorders and a shorter life span. Small changes in the daily regime by following the principles of Dinacharya can bring the needed change to a healthy regime.
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What should be the daily routine as per Ayurveda? ›
* Kapha = 6 a.m.–10 a.m. and 6 p.m.–10 p.m. * Pitta = 10 a.m.–2 p.m. and 10 p.m.–2 a.m. * Vata = 2 p.m.–6 p.m. and 2 a.m.–6 a.m. – Wake up early in the morning at Brahma Muhurta.What is Dincharya daily routine )? ›
Dinacharya says that each day, two cycles of change occur, that correlate with the Ayurvedic concept of dosha. Routines covered by dinacharya include: waking time, elimination, hygiene, massage, exercise, bathing, meditation and prayer, meals, study, work, relaxation and sleeping.Why is Dinacharya important for Ayurveda? ›
Dinacharya, if followed properly, helps to establish balance in an individual's constitution and thereby helps in regulating the biological clock. Also, it aids digestion, absorption, and assimilation and generates discipline, peace, happiness, and longevity.What should I eat first in the morning Ayurveda? ›
Warm cooked foods are preferred as breakfast items over cold cereal, cold milk and cold juice, all of which are harder on the waking digestive fire. For a mid-morning snack, choose fresh fruit—an apple for Kapha, a sweet orange for Pitta and a mango for Vata. Fruit is best eaten in the morning, and on its own.How to start your day in Ayurveda? ›
- Wake before sunrise. ...
- Use a tongue scraper. ...
- Drink a mug of warm lemon water. ...
- Try a neti pot with nasya oil. ...
- Splash your eyes with cool water, or spritz with rose water. ...
- Invigorate your skin. ...
- Get moving.
- Go to Bed Early. ...
- Rise and Shine. ...
- Start with Water. ...
- Empty your Colon. ...
- Invest in a Tongue Scraper. ...
- Shat Kriya- The Cleansing Process. ...
- Perform Self-Abhyanga. ...
- Yoga, Pranayama, and Meditation.
This is great news for Ayurveda: It means that Western science is using technology to prove what Ayurvedic practitioners have understood for thousands of years. Experts in both systems of medicine recommend an average of eight hours of sleep.What are the 5 principles of Ayurveda? ›
Ayurveda believes that the entire universe is composed of five elements: Vayu (Air), Jala (Water), Aakash (Space or ether), Prithvi (Earth) and Teja (Fire). These five elements (referred to as Pancha Mahabhoota in Ayurveda) are believed to form the three basic humors of human body in varying combinations.What is an example of a daily routine? ›
First, let's define what routine means: a routine is a sequence of actions that you do repeatedly. Brushing your teeth nightly and getting ready for bed is a routine. Waking up at 6 a.m. and exercising every morning is a routine.What should I drink in the morning Ayurveda? ›
Drink a cup of hot water with the juice of one lemon and a teaspoon of honey at least 20 minutes before breakfast. This drink will stimulate agni and evacuation, so your system is primed for your morning meal.
What time should I wake up Ayurveda? ›
10 p.m. to 2 a.m. 2 a.m. to 6 a.m. According to the Ayurvedic clock, it's best to wake up before sunrise and sleep before 10 p.m., when the kapha period has induced dullness in the body. It's also important to have a gap of at least 2 hours between dinner and sleep time.What time is breakfast in Ayurveda? ›
In Ayurveda, the development of healthy daily routines and habits is a key contributor to overall quality of life. One of these routines is eating your meals at fixed times daily. Ideally, breakfast is to be consumed between 7 am and 9 am. Lunch between 12 pm and 2 pm.What should be avoided in Ayurveda? ›
- Proteins: red meat, seafood, egg yolks.
- Dairy: sour cream, cheese, buttermilk.
- Fruits: sour or unripe fruits, such as grapes, apricots, papaya, grapefruit, and sour cherries.
- Vegetables: chili peppers, beets, tomatoes, onions, eggplant.
- Grains: brown rice, millet, corn, rye.
Health Benefits of Ayurveda
Toxins in the Body are Reduced. You Learn to Clear Up Energy. Better Health at a Cellular Level. Stronger Digestion.
In Ayurveda, any food can be used medicinally by the right person. Eggs are heating, heavy, oily, good for Vata types or when recovering from illness needing immediate energy. Women trying to conceive and during pregnancy can benefit from eggs as long as a Pitta imbalance isn't present. Kapha types can have egg whites.Is it good to drink water immediately after eating Ayurveda? ›
Water is a coolant and regularly indulging in consuming it right after meals can even result in obesity. Therefore, this practice is not encouraged by Ayurveda. Wait for at least half-an-hour before having water once you are done with your meal.Should you drink water while eating Ayurveda? ›
Ayurveda suggests drinking a large glass of water 30 minutes before a meal to pre-hydrate your stomach's water-rich bicarbonate buffer layer. During the meal, water can be consumed, but not in excess. The rule of thumb is to drink enough water during the meal to create a soup-like consistency in the stomach.How much water should I drink in the morning Ayurveda? ›
As per research, the daily intake is as follows:
Men - 2.5 litres per day. Women – 2 litres per day.
As per Ayurveda, lunch is the most important meal of that day, which should ideally be eaten between noon and 2 pm, which is when the Sun is at its peak and so is the Pitta in our bodies, which takes care of the digestion.How can I sleep at night in Ayurveda? ›
- Make Lunch Your Biggest Meal. ...
- Have an Ayurvedic Nightcap. ...
- Cut Back on Those Lattes. ...
- Get on a Good Routine. ...
- Hit the Sack Before Pitta Time. ...
- Unplug and Unwind. ...
- Give Yourself Some TLC. ...
- Journal It Out.
How can I clean my body in Ayurveda? ›
- Virechan: cleansing using powders, pastes, or heated medicinal plants.
- Vaman: forced vomiting or purging through herbal medicinal treatment.
- Basti: massage, as well as enemas using warm oils.
- Rakta moksha: detoxification of the blood, also known as bloodletting.
In Indian Ayurveda, there are mainly three types of body types—Vata, Pitta & Kapha. The doshas are described as biological energies found throughout the human body and mind. They govern the physical and mental processes and provide every living being with an individual blueprint for health and fulfillment.What are the 3 Ayurvedic types? ›
Ayurveda, the traditional medical system of India, has delineated three categories of fundamental regulatory principles of the body, mind, and behavior. These three categories, called doshas, are named Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.What is the best time to wake up? ›
The Best Time to Wake Up Depends on You
They're going to bed at 8 PM to get adequate sleep, or they're running on fewer hours than required. A 4 AM wake-up time will be good for you in the same way that an 8 AM wake-up time is. As long as you get enough restful sleep, you shouldn't worry about the best time to wake up.
If you find you're waking between midnight and 2am, in Ayurveda this is seen as a pitta (fire or heat) issue and relates to built-up pressure and stress. Waking disturbances, where you wake up early in the morning, say between 3am and 5am, is more related to vata (air) which is centred around worry and anxiety.Why do I wake up at 4am Ayurveda? ›
But the ancient Indian healing system of Ayurveda says the inverse is true — that waking up super early, between 4 and 6 a.m., is one of the best ways to curb negative thinking and depression, connect with nature and increase sattva (mental clarity and positivity).What is one of the most important principles in Ayurveda? ›
The basic principle of Ayurvedic medicine is to prevent and treat illness—rather than respond to indicators of disease—by maintaining balance in and harmony between your body, mind and environment.What are the 6 qualities of Ayurvedic medicine? ›
There are six major tastes according to Ayurveda, viz., sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, and astringent. There are primary and secondary qualities (guna) that increase the properties of a material. This is further augmented by potency (virya), post digestive effect (vipaka), and therapeutic action (karma).What is the golden rule of Ayurveda? ›
Eat slowly and chew your food thoroughly, and stop eating just before you feel completely full. Ayurveda teaches that leaving some space in the stomach helps us digest our food better, to eat until you are uncomfortably full puts your digestive system under duress and makes you feel sleepy after eating.What is the best routine to follow? ›
- Meditate Daily. ...
- Workout (No Matter How You Do It) ...
- Eat A Good Breakfast. ...
- Take A Nap. ...
- Don't Waste Time Commuting. ...
- Take Breaks To Re-energize. ...
- Avoid Lengthy Meetings. ...
- Use A To Do List.
What are the 5 daily routine? ›
- wake up.
- have breakfast.
- brush your teeth.
- take a shower.
- take a bath.
- get dressed.
- go to school.
- study English.
2 a.m. to 6 a.m. According to the Ayurvedic clock, it's best to wake up before sunrise and sleep before 10 p.m., when the kapha period has induced dullness in the body. It's also important to have a gap of at least 2 hours between dinner and sleep time.How many hours of sleep do you need Ayurveda? ›
This is great news for Ayurveda: It means that Western science is using technology to prove what Ayurvedic practitioners have understood for thousands of years. Experts in both systems of medicine recommend an average of eight hours of sleep.What should I do first thing in the morning? ›
- Get a good night's sleep.
- Avoid the snooze button.
- Give yourself enough time to get to work.
- Drink a full glass of water.
- Enjoy a cup of coffee or tea.
- Prepare a healthy breakfast.
- Take advantage of self care.
- Fit in a quick workout.
Water is a must
First things first, drink a glass of water before you leave your bed. If possible, you should opt for lukewarm water. Either keep a thermos full of warm water by your bedside or go over to your kitchen and heat some water.
- Sweat. ...
- Practice gratitude. ...
- Rise with the sun (or even before it) ...
- Read a book. ...
- Journal. ...
- Drink water. ...
- Eat a real breakfast. ...
- Make a to-do list. Planning out the day and making a list of what needs to be done can help prepare your mind for the day ahead.
- List to-do items. Before you can organize your to-dos, you first need to make a list of all the items you need to do for the day. ...
- Prioritize tasks. ...
- Note deadlines. ...
- Identify recurring events. ...
- Order items by time, priority, or deadline. ...
- Stay flexible.
- Decide what needs to be in your routine. Do you want to get more exercise or more alone time? ...
- Set small goals. Break each large goal into smaller goals. ...
- Layout a plan. ...
- Be consistent with time. ...
- Be prepared. ...
- Make it fun! ...
- Track your progress. ...
- Reward yourself.
- Eat foods that are rich in protein at night. Add low-fat chicken (grilled), pulses, lentils, green leafy veggie, and curry leaves to your evening meal. ...
- Consume low-carb foods at night. ...
- Cut salt intake post 7 pm. ...
- Avoid eating curd at night. ...
- Moderation is the key.
Ayurveda encourages bathing just before sunrise and just before sunset, known as Snana, as part of a ritual in line with the transitioning of the day.
How many times should you poop a day according to Ayurveda? ›
According to Ayurveda, healthy elimination occurs one to two times daily. In a perfect world, the first bowel movement of the day occurs within a few minutes of waking, ideally before sunrise. If there is a second bowel movement later in the day, it often occurs after a meal, in the afternoon or evening.How often should you shower Ayurveda? ›
Ayurveda prescribes two baths a day. The usual rule is to bathe once a day, which has also been the general rule for centuries. The third bath by hermits is to be performed before sunset. Vasis thasamhit a, a yogic work mentions trikalasnana ; three baths a day.